The number of animals on Earth is declining and 99.9% of all species are extinct. Recent polls by scientists and researchers indicate that humanity is on the verge of sixth mass extinction. The main causes of declining animal species numbers around the world are human activities like poaching, habitat destruction and deforestation. Here’s a list of 8 amazing species and subspecies which have disappeared in the past 150 years.
1.Splendid Poison Frog (Extinction Year: 2022)
The Splendid poison frog, also called the splendid poison-arrow or frog, is a position frog that is found in the Cordillera De Talamanca at the eastern end of western Panama. This species is able to thrive in humid lowland forests and montane forest habitats. It is currently extinct because of a lack of information about its population. This is according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. It is one the most recently extinct animals on Earth.
2.Northern White Rhinoceros. Extinction Year: 2018.
The Northern White Rhinoceros, also known as the northern square-lipped rhinoceros, is one of two amazing species of white rhinoceros. It is closely followed by the south white rhinoceros. It can be found in Central Africa and East Africa, south of the Sahara. The species has been declared extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) since 2022.
3.Baiji(Extinction Year: 2017)
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Baiji is a species of freshwater Dolphin that has been declared extinct since 2017. Baiji, which means “white fin” in Chinese, refers to a species of freshwater dolphin that has been declared extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). It lives for 24 years in the wild. It has been possible that it is extinct since 2017.
4.Pyrenean Ibex(Extinction Year: 2000)
The population of about 50,000 Pyrenean Ibex was once abundant, but it dropped to around 100 in the 1990s. A scientist attempted to clone the Pyrenean Ibex, but it died shortly after birth from a lung infection. It is one of four species of Ibex, and its primary cause of extinction was poaching and disease. In 2000, it was declared extinct. The Pyrenean ibex is the species that has been extinct twice.
5.Spix’s Macaw, Extinction Year 2000
The Spix’s Macaw, also known as the Little blue Macaw, is now extinct. It is a small, elegant parrot with a beautiful blue-grey plumage. The crown is ash-blue and the tail is long. The male and female species are similar but the females are smaller. It was found in Brazil. It enjoys seeds from pinhao/Cavelier trees and favela/Cavelier tree trees as well as fancier cacti. Although the species was declared extinct, 52 parrots were bred and returned to Brazil in 2000.
6.Western Black Rhinoceros(Extinction Year: 2011)
The Western Black Rhinoceros, which is endangered by hunting for its horns, is being hunted. It uses unique warning systems that include oxpeckers to warn it of approaching dangers. It is one the most endangered black rhino subspecies, and was declared extinct in 2011. Traditional Chinese medicine uses the horns. The difference between White Rhinos and Black Rhinos is minimal. They are both dark grey in colour, but it varies depending upon the soil conditions. They can reach speeds of up to 55 km/h, and they can even change direction very quickly.
7.Passenger Pigeon (Extinction Year: 1914)
The passenger pigeon is a bird that can fly at speeds of up to 60 mph. They are beautiful birds. Wisconsin was the most popular place to nest passenger pigeons. Deforestation and the fluctuating availability of food were the main factors that led to the bird’s death. They went extinct in huge numbers within 40 years.