Nature has provided many surprises for 2022, with new species being discovered all over the globe. The report, State of the World’s Plants and Fungi 2022″ states that scientists search the world’s ecosystems for fungi and herbaria and sequence DNA. Every year they discover new species of plants and fungi. Here’s a list of all the animal and plant species that were discovered in 2022.
1.Tiny Lilliputian Frog (New Frog Species)
The new species of tiny Lilliputian Frog, measuring approximately 10 millimetres (0.4 inch), is located in tunnels under the moss and the humus in a cloud forest in Zongo Valley, Bolivia. A few other species were also identified by the Zongo Valley, including several butterfly and orchid species that were thought to have gone extinct.
2.Popa langur (New Langur Species)
Popa langur, a new primate species, is a collection of faecal material from wild animals in Myanmar. Popa langur is a species of primate that currently exists in Myanmar. It is estimated that there are between 200 and 260 of them.
3.Salazar’s pit viper (Indian Pit Viper).
Salazar’s Pit Viper, a new Indian pit viper species, was named after a Harry Potter character. It was first seen in the Himalayas. The species was called rimeresurus Salazar or the Salazar’s pit viper. This was named after Salazar Slytherin (a character from J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series). It is nocturnal, and has a distinctive reddish-to orange stripe on its head. The northeasternmost state in India was home to a snake species.
4.Bicol Hollow-Dwelling Forest Gecko(Gecko Species)
Bicol Hollow-Dwelling forest gecko is the latest species of gecko to be discovered in the southeast tip of the Philippines. This species is unique because of its inverted “Y-shaped” markings on its tail. It also has golden yellow eyes. This new species of gecko is the 10th in the genus Pseudogekko, and is only found in the Philippines.
5.Madagascar Giant Frog Types
The Madagascar giant frog species can grow up to 10 cm (4 inches) in length. Genetic analysis has revealed that science has never known the species. Frog legs are a popular item in many Madagascan cities. The local population is familiar with the species. There are currently 362 species of frogs that are recognized in Madagascar.
6.New Wasp Species
In Brazil’s Amazon rainforest and Andean cloud forests, new wasp species have been discovered. The genus Acrotaphus includes all 15 species and they each parasitize spiders in their own unique way.
7.New Orchids Galore
On the island of New Guinea, there were 19 species of tree-dwelling orchids. The Royal Botanical Gardens Kew orchid specialist said that 3 of the 19 species were in the Dendrobium genera, which is known for its stunning flowers. 16 other species belong to the genus Bulbophyllum, which has been flow-pollinated, and have flowers that look hairy, much like mammal hairs.
8.New Shiny Salamander
It is now the 50-year-old new shiny salamander that was first identified. Next-generation DNA sequencing technology is used to determine the new species. It is known as Carolina sandhills saltamander (Eurycea arnica), and is found in small streams and springs in the sandhills of North Carolina.
9.New Scaly Shrub Species
Tiganophyton karasense, a new species of greeny shrub species, is found in Namibia’s southern desert. It is not a member of the same family as its DNA analysis has shown. It can survive at temperatures up to 36 degrees Celsius (96 degrees Fahrenheit) and has scaly foliage.
10.Yala giant scorpion
Heterometrus Yaleensis, a new species of scorpion found in Sri Lanka, is the Yala giant scorpion. Male scorpions can grow up to 75mm (3 inches) while females can grow upto 101mm (4 inches). These species can only be found on Sri Lanka, an Indian Ocean island.